Weg - mdi

Basics of Electrical Motors

Part Number Configuration
WEG model numbers contains up to 20 characters, distributed as follows:
XXX XX XXX X XXXXX -W22

HP RPM Model Volts Application + Frame When Applicable
           
           
HP              
  .12 - .16 - .25 - .33 - .50 - .75
  001 - 0015 - 002 - 003 - 004 - 0045 - 005 - 007
  010 - 015 - 020 - 025 - 030 - 040 - 050 - 075
  100 - 125 - 150 - 200 - 250 - 300 - 400 - 450 - 500
RPM    
  07: 750rpm 09: 900 rpm
  10: 1000rpm 12: 1200 rpm
  15: 1500rpm 18: 1800 rpm
  30: 3000rpm 36: 3600 rpm

Model - Three Characters:      
  Enclosure   Efficiency   Phase
  E - Totally Enclosed
  S - Standard Efficiency   1 - 1 Phase
  S - Severe Duty IEEE 841
  P - High Efficiency   3 - 3 Phase
  P - High Efficiency   T - NEMA Premium    
  O - Open Drip Proof
  G - Super Premium    
  X - Explosion Proof        
  A - Totally Enclosed Air Over        
  N - Totally Enclosed Non-Ventilated        

Volts          
  A - 115 V L - 415 V
  Application + Frame
  B - 115 / 208 - 230 V M - 220 / 380 - 415 V
  For Definite Purpose lines, two per-selected letters must be used after voltage code:
  C - 208 - 230 V N - 220 / 380 V
 
  D - 230 V O - 380 - 415 V
     
  E - 208 - 230 / 460 V* P - 200 V
  AD - Auger Drive
  F - 230 / 460 V Q - 46 0V
  AL -
Aluminum Frame
  G - 460 V PWS
R - 115 / 230 V   AX -
ATEX Motor
  H - 575 V V - 200 / 400 V
  BM -
Brake Motor
  I - 220 V W - 460/220-240/380-415 V
  CD -
Compressor Duty
  J - 380 V X - Other Voltage
  CT -
Cooling Tower
  K - 190 / 380 V Y - 460 /380-415 / 660-690 V   DP -
Double Pole (2 Speed)
        EC -
Evaporative Cooler
        FD -
Farm Duty
        FP -
Fire Pump
 
  • For IEC Metric motors, the output will be given in kW:
    .12 - .18 - .25 - .37 - .55 - .75 - 001 - 0015 - 002 - 003 - 004 - 0045 - 005 - 007 - 009 - 011 - 015 - 018 - 022 - 030 - 037 - 045 - 055 - 075 - 090 - 110 - 130 - 150 - 185 - 200 - 220 - 250 - 300 - 315 ...

  • 0015 (1.5HP) is the rating that will have four digits for output Identification and only one for RPM.

  • 0045 (4.5kW) is the rating that will have four digits for output identification and only one for RPM.
  HP -
Hydraulic Pump
    HS -
Hollow Shaft
    IB -
Inverter Duty (TEBC)
    IE -
IEEE 841 (Severe Duty IEEE 841)
    IP -
Irrigation Pumping
    JP -
Jet Pump
    KD -
Crusher-Duty
    OL -
Manual Overload Protection
        OT -
Oil Well Pumping - Triple Rated
        OW -
Oil Well Pumping
 

Frame

The frame number must be included as long as the number of remaining characters allow.
Example: 143T, 143TC, 405T, 405TS, 184JP.

-W22 Suffix

-W22 Suffix will be added to the catalog number of totally enclosed motors with the new W22 WEG design. Depending on the number of remaining characters this suffix might appear as -W or -W2.
    PF -
Poultry Fan
      PM -
Pad Mount
      R -
(Before the frame size): Round Body
      RB -
Roller Bearings (Integrals)
      RB -
Resilient Base (Fractional)
      RS -
Rolled Steel Frame
      SA -
Saw Arbor
      SP -
Split Phase
      SS -
Stainless Steel
      VD - Vector Duty (TEBC or TENV)
         
         

Horsepower


Exactly 746 watts of electrical power will produce 1 HP if a motor could operate at 100% efficiency, but of course no motor is 100% efficient. A 1 HP motor operating at 84% efficiency will have a total watt consumption of 888 watts. This amounts to 746 watts of usable power and 142 watts loss due to heat, friction, etc. (888 x .84 = 746 = 1 HP).

Horsepower can also be calculated if torque is known, using one of these formulas:
 
  • HP = Torque (lb-ft) x RPM / 5250
  • HP = Torque (oz-ft) x RPM / 84000
  • HP = Torque (in-lbs) x RPM / 6300

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RPM

The approximate RPM at rated load for small and medium motors operating at 60 Hz and 50 Hz at rated volts are as follows:

  60 Hz 50 Hz Synch. speed
2 Pole 3450 2850 3600
4 Pole 1725 1425 1800
6 Pole 1140 950 1200
8 Pole 850 700 900

Torque:
  The turning effort or force applied to a shaft, usually expressed in inch-pounds or inch-ounces for fractional or sub-fractional HP motors
Starting Torque:
  Force produced by a motor as it begins from standstill and accelerates (sometimes called rotor torque)
Full Load Torque:
  The force produced by a motor running at rated full-load speed at rated horsepower
Breakdown Torque:
  The maximum torque a motor will develop under increasing load conditions without an abrupt drop in speed and power (sometimes called pull-out torque)
Pull-Up Torque:
  The minimum torque delivered by a motor between zero and the rated RPM, equal to the maximum load a motor can accelerate to rated RPM

Synchronous speed (no-load) can be determined by this formula:
Frequency (hertz) x 120 / Number of Poles

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Model

Enclosures

Open Drip-Proof (ODP)
  Vents in endshield and/or frame are to prevent drops of liquid from falling into motor within a 15 degree angle from vertical. Designed for use in areas that are reasonably dry, clean, and well ventilated (usually indoors). If installed outdoors, it is recommended that the motor be protected with a cover that does not restrict the flow of air to the motor.
Totally Enclosed Fan Cooled (TEFC)
  Same as TENV except has external fan as an integral part of the motor, to provide cooling by blowing air around the outside frame of the motor.
Totally Enclosed Air Over (TEAO)
  Dust-tight fan and blower duty motors designed for shaft mounted fans or belt driven fans. The motor must be mounted within the airflow of the fan.
Totally Enclosed Non-Ventilated (TENV)
  No vent openings, tightly enclosed to prevent the free exchange of air, but not airtight. Has no external cooling fan and relies on convection for cooling. Suitable for use where exposed to dirt or dampness, but not very moist or hazardous (explosive) locations.
Totally Enclosed, Hostile and Severe Environment Motors
  Designed for use in extremely moist or chemical environments, but not for hazardous locations.
Totally Enclosed Blower Cooled Motors
  Same as TEFC except external fan must run on a power supply that is independent of the inverter output. Cooling per MG 1.6 (IC 46).
Explosion-Proof Motors
  Have bolts protruding from the front or rear of the motor by which the driven load is mounted. This is usually used in applications involving small direct drive fans or blowers.

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Efficiency

A motor's efficiency is a measurement of useful work produced by the motor versus the energy that it consumes (heat and friction). An 84% efficient motor with a total watt draw of 400 W produces 336 watts of useful energy (400 x .84 = 336 W). The 64 watts lost (400 - 336 = 64 W) becomes heat.


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Voltage

  Common 60 Hz voltages for single-phase motors are
    115 volt, 230 volt, and 115/230 volt
  Common 60 Hz voltages for three-phase motors are
    230 volt, 460 volt and 230/460 volt
   
  200 and 575 volt motors are sometimes encountered.
    In prior NEMA standards these voltages were listed as 208 or 220/440 or 550 volts. Motors with these voltages on the nameplate can safely be replaced by motors having the current standard marking of 200 or 208-230/460 or 575 volts, respectively.
   
  Motors rated for 115/208-230 volt and 208-230/460 volt
    These in most cases will operate satisfactorily at 208 volts, but the torque will be 20% - 25% lower. Operating below 208 volts may require a 208 volt (or 200 volt) motor or the use of the next higher horsepower, standard voltage motor.
     

Example: (00218ET3H145TC-W22)
002 18 ET3 H 145TC -W22

HP RPM Model Volts Application + Frame When Applicable
           

Mounting

Unless specified otherwise, motors can be mounted in any position or any angle. However, unless a drip cover is used for shaft-up or shaft-down applications, drip-proof motors must be mounted in the horizontal or sidewall position to meet the enclosure definition. Mount motors securely to the mounting base of equipment or to a rigid, flat surface, preferably metallic.

Types of Mounts
Rigid base Is bolted, welded or cast on main frame and allows motor to be rigidly mounted on equipment.
Resilient base Has isolation or resilient rings between motor mounting hubs and base to absorb vibration and noise. A conductor is embedded in the ring to complete the circuit for grounding purposes.
NEMA C-face mount Is a machined face with a pilot on the shaft end which allows direct mounting with a pump or other direct coupled equipment. Bolts pass through mounted part to threaded hole in the motor face.
NEMA D flange mount Is a machined flange with rabbet for mountings. Bolts pass through motor flange to a threaded hole in the mounted part. NEMA D flange kits are stocked by some manufacturers, including LEESON.
Type M or N mount
Has special flange for direct attachment to fuel atomizing pump on an oil burner. In recent years, this type of mounting has become widely used on auger drives in poultry feeders.
Extended through-bolt
Have bolts protruding from the front or rear of the motor by which the driven load is mounted. This is usually used in applications involving small direct drive fans or blowers.


Insulation Class:
Insulation systems are rated by standard NEMA classifications according to maximum allowable operating temperatures. They are as follows:


Class Maximum Allowed Temperature (*)

Class Temperature
A 105º C 221º F
B 130º C 266º F
F 155º C 311º F
H 180º C 356º F


Generally, replace a motor with one having an equal or higher insulation class. Replacement with one of lower temperature rating could result in premature failure of the motor. Each 10°C rise above these ratings can reduce the motor's service life by one half.

Current (Amps):
  In comparing motor types, the full load amps and/or service factor amps are key parameters for determining the proper loading on the motor. For example, never replace a PSC type motor with shaded pole type as the latter's will not normally be 50% - 60% higher. Compare PSC with PSC, capacitor start, and so forth.
Hertz Frequency:
  In North America 60 Hz (cycles) is the common power source. However most of the rest of the world is supplied with 50 Hz power.
Service Factor:
  The service factor (SF) is a measure of continuous overload capacity at which a motor can operate without overload or damage, provided the other design parameters such as rated voltage, frequency and ambient temperature are within norms. Example: a 3/4 HP motor with a 1.15 SF can operate at .86 HP, (.75 HP x 1.15 = 862 HP) without overheating or otherwise damaging the motor if rated voltage and frequency are supplied at the motor's leads. Some motors, including most LEESON motors, have higher service factors than the NEMA standard.

It is not uncommon for the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) to load the motor to its maximum load capability (service factor). For this reason, do not replace a motor with one of the same nameplate horsepower but with a lower service factor. Always make certain that the replacement motor has a maximum HP rating (rated HP x SF) equal to or higher than that which it replaces. Multiply the horsepower by the service factor for determining maximum potential loading.

The NEMA standard service factor for totally enclosed motors is 1.0. However, many manufacturers build TEFC motors with 1.15 service factors.
Capacitors:
  Capacitors are used on single-phase induction motors except shaded-pole, split-phase and polyphase. Start capacitors are designed to stay in circuit a very short time (3-5 seconds), while run capacitance are permanently in circuit. Capacitors are rated by capacitance and voltage. Never use a capacitor with lower capacitance or voltage ratings for replacement. A higher voltage is acceptable.
Thermal Protection (overload):
  A thermal protector, automatic or manual, mounted in the end frame or on a winding, is designed to prevent a motor from getting too hot, causing possible fire or damage to the motor. Protectors are generally current and temperature sensitive. Some motors have no inherent protector, but they should have protection provided in the overall system's design for safety. Never bypass a protector because of nuisance tripping. This is generally an indication of some other problem, such as overloading or lack of proper ventilation. Never replace nor choose an automatic-reset thermal overload protected motor for an application where the driven load could cause personal injury if the motor should restart unexpectedly. Only manual-reset thermal overloads should be used in such applications.
Basic Types of Overload Protectors:
  Automatic Reset: After the motor cools, this line-interrupting protector automatically restores power. It should not be used where unexpected restarting would be hazardous.
Manual Reset: This line-interrupting protector has an external button that must be pushed to restore power to the motor. Use where unexpected restarting would be hazardous, as on saws, conveyors, compressors and other machinery.
Resistance Temperature Detectors:
  Precision-calibrated resistors are mounted in the motor and are used in conjunction with an instrument supplied by the customer to detect high temperatures.
Circuit Wiring:
  All wiring and electrical connections should comply with the National Electrical Code (NEC) and with local codes and practices. Undersized wire between the motor and the power source will limit the starting and load carrying abilities of the motor.
Speed Electric Drives:
  Reliable, easy-to-use units are available today for controlling the speed of AC and DC industrial motors. Both types use solid state devices for power control. DC drives are the more straightforward, commonly using silicon controlled rectifiers (SCR's) to convert AC line voltage to controlled DC voltage, which is then applied to the armature of a direct current motor. The more voltage applied to the armature, the faster it will turn. DC drives of this type represent an excellent value for motors up to approximately 3 HP, allowing 60:1 speed regulation and full torque even at reduced speeds. The most common type of AC drive today begins much the same way as a DC drive does - by rectifying "pulsing" AC line voltage to pulse-free DC voltage. However, instead of outputting the DC voltage, the AC drive must re-introduce pulses into the output in order to meet the needs of an AC motor.

This is done using solid-state switches, such as insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs) or gate turn off SCRs (GTOs). The result is a control technique known as pulse width modulation (PWM), perhaps the most highly regarded type of AC drive for many industrial applications. Motor speed varies with the frequency of the pulses introduced into the output voltage.

Pulse width modulated AC drives offer an extremely wide speed range, a host of control functions including programmable acceleration and deceleration ramps and several preset speeds, excellent energy efficiency and, in many cases, speed and torque precision equal to or closely approaching that of a DC system. Perhaps the major reason for their growing popularity, however, is their ability to work with the wide range of AC induction motors available for industry, usually at a price competitive with that of a DC drive package.
   

NOTE: All above data is for reference purposes only.

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Understanding NEMA Frames: A Reference Guide

NEMA Frame/Shaft Sizes
Frame numbers are not intended to indicate electrical characteristics such as horsepower. However, as a frame number becomes higher so in general does the physical size of the motor and the horsepower. There are many motors of the same horsepower built in different frames. NEMA (National Electrical Manufacturers Association) frame size refers to mounting only and has no direct bearing on the motor body diameter.

By NEMA definition, two-digit frame numbers are fractional frames even though 1 HP or larger motors may be built in them. Three-digit frame numbers are by definition integral frames. The third numeral indicates the distance between the holes parallel to the base. It has no significance in a footless motor. Refer to NEMA Standard Dimension Chart.


NEMA Suffixes
C NEMA C-face mounting (specify with or without rigid base)   M 6 3/4" flange (oil burner)
D NEMA D flange mounting (specify with or without rigid base)   N 7 1/4" flange (oil burner)
H Indicates a frame with rigid base having an F dimension larger than that of the same frame without the suffix H. For example, combination of 56H base motors have mounting holes for NEMA 56 and NEMA 143-5T and a standard NEMA 56 shaft.   T, TS Integral horsepower NEMA standard shaft dimensions if no additional letters follow the "T" or "TS."
J NEMA C-face, threaded shaft pump motor   TS Motor with NEMA standard "short shaft" for belt driven loads
JM Close-coupled pump motor with specific dimensions and bearings   Y Non-NEMA standard mount; a drawing is required to be sure of dimensions. Can indicate a special base, face or flange.
JP Closed-coupled pump motor with specific dimensions and bearings   Z Non-NEMA standard shaft; a drawing is required to be sure of dimensions.

NEMA Prefixes
Letters or numbers appearing in front of the NEMA frame number are those of the manufacturer. They have no NEMA frame significance. For example, the letter in front of LEESON's frame number, L56, indicates the overall length of the motor.



CLASS I (Gases, Vapors)
  Group A - acetylene
  Group B - butadiene, ethylene oxide, hydrogen, propylene oxide
  Group C - acetaldehyde, cyclopropane, diethel ether, ethylene, isoprene
  Group D - acetone, acrylonitrite, ammonia, benzene, butane, ethylene dichloride, gasoline, hexane, methane, methanol, naphtha, propane, propylene, styrene, toluene, vinyl acetate, vinyl chloride, xylene
CLASS II (Combustible Dusts)

Group E - aluminum, magnesium and other metal dusts with similar characteristics
  Group F - carbon black, coke or coal dust
  Group G - flour, starch or grain dust

The motor ambient temperature is not to exceed +400°C or -250°C unless the motor nameplate specifically permits another value, and is noted on the nameplate and in the literature. LEESON explosion-proof motors are approved for all classes noted except Class I, Groups A & B.

NOTE: All above data is for reference purposes only


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